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Prenatal MR imaging of congenital diaphragmatic hernias: association of MR fetal lung volume with the need for postnatal prosthetic patch repair.

Research paper by Claudia C Hagelstein, Katrin K Zahn, Meike M Weidner, Christel C Weiss, Stefan O SO Schoenberg, Thomas T Schaible, Karen A KA Büsing, K Wolfgang KW Neff

Indexed on: 04 Sep '14Published on: 04 Sep '14Published in: European Radiology



Abstract

To assess whether the need for postnatal prosthetic patch repair of the diaphragmatic defect in neonates with a congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is associated with the antenatal measured observed-to-expected magnetic resonance fetal lung volume (o/e MR-FLV).The o/e MR-FLV was calculated in 247 fetuses with isolated CDH. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the prognostic value of the individual o/e MR-FLV for association with the need for postnatal patch repair.Seventy-seven percent (77%) of patients with a CDH (190/247) required prosthetic patch repair and the defect was closed primarily in 23% (57/247). Patients requiring a patch had a significantly lower o/e MR-FLV (27.7 ± 10.2%) than patients with primary repair (40.8 ± 13.8%, p < 0.001, AUC = 0.786). With an o/e MR-FLV of 20%, 92% of the patients required patch repair, compared to only 24% with an o/e MR-FLV of 60%. The need for a prosthetic patch was further influenced by the fetal liver position (herniation/no herniation) as determined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; p < 0.001). Fetal liver position, in addition to the o/e MR-FLV, improves prognostic accuracy (AUC = 0.827).Logistic regression analysis based on the o/e MR-FLV is useful for prenatal estimation of the prosthetic patch requirement in patients with a CDH. In addition to the o/e MR-FLV, the position of the liver as determined by fetal MRI helps improve prognostic accuracy.• The o/e MR-FLV is associated with the need for postnatal patch repair in CDH. • The need for a patch is associated with a significantly lower o/e MR-FLV (p < 0.001). • The patch requirement is also influenced by fetal liver position. • Fetal liver position, in addition to the o/e MR-FLV, improves prognostic accuracy. • CDH-fetuses with a high probability for patch requirement can be identified prenatally.