Indexed on: 27 Jan '15Published on: 27 Jan '15Published in: Current Psychiatry Reports
Anxiety disorders belong to the most frequent mental disorders and are often characterized by an early onset and a progressive, persistent/chronic, or recurrent course. Several individual, familial, and environmental risk factors for adverse course characteristics of anxiety disorders (including higher persistence, lower probability of remission, and increased risk of recurrence) have been identified, and previous research suggests that clinical features of anxiety (e.g., higher severity, duration, and avoidance) as well as comorbid other mental disorders are particularly useful for predicting an unfavorable course of anxiety disorders. However, additional studies are needed to identify risk factors for individual course trajectories of anxiety disorders in general as well as specific diagnoses. Doing so is essential in order to more precisely identify individuals with anxiety disorders who are at increased risk for adverse long-term outcomes and might thus particularly profit from targeted early interventions.