Indexed on: 20 Sep '17Published on: 20 Sep '17Published in: CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology
To identify possible risk factors in predicting clinical outcome in critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients undergoing percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA).PubMed and EMBASE were searched for studies analyzing CLI and clinical outcome after PTA from January 2006 to April 2017. Outcome measures were ulcer healing, amputation free survival (AFS)/limb salvage and overall survival. Data on predictive factors for ulcer healing, AFS/limb salvage and survival were extracted.Ten articles with a total of 2448 patients were included, all cohorts and based on prospective-designed databases. For ulcers, it seems that complete healing can be achieved in most of the patients within 1 year. No significant predictive factors were found. AFS/limb salvage: AFS rates for 1, 2 and 3 years ranged from 49.5 to 75.2%, 37 to 58% and 22 to 59%, respectively. Limb salvage rates for 1, 2 and 3 years ranged from 71 to 95%, 54 to 93.3% and 32 to 92.7%, respectively. All studies had different univariate and multivariate outcomes for predictive factors; however, age and diabetes were significant predictors in at least three studies. Survival: Survival rates for 1, 2 and 3 years ranged from 65.4 to 91.5%, 45.7 to 76% and 37.3 to 83.1%, respectively. Different predictive factors were found; however, age was found in 2 out of 5 studies reporting on predictive factors.In several studies two factors, age and diabetes, were found as predictive factors for AFS/limb salvage and survival in patients with CLI undergoing PTA. Therefore, we believe that these factors should be taken into account in future research.Level 2a.