Indexed on: 03 Aug '10Published on: 03 Aug '10Published in: International Journal of Surgery
Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the treatment of choice for acute cholecystitis. However, the rate of intraoperative conversion to open surgery remains high and has provoked an interest in studying the predictive factors for better patient selection to minimize the conversion rates.50 patients of acute cholecystitis were operated within 5 days of onset of symptoms. Comparative evaluation of the patient groups undergoing successful versus failed early laparoscopic cholecystectomy was done to identify preoperative factors predicting conversion/failure of the laparoscopic procedure. Predictive factors for intraoperative and histopathological severity of acute cholecystitis were also identified.40 patients underwent successful completion of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 8 required conversions to open, while in 2 patients the procedure had to be abandoned due to phlegmon formation. Male sex, preoperative duration of symptoms WBC counts, serum alkaline phosphatase, serum amylase, and serum C-reactive protein were significant predictors of histopathological severity of acute cholecystitis. Intraoperative and histopathological severity of acute cholecystitis had good association with conversion rate of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Male sex and serum C-reactive protein levels >3.6 mg/dl at admission were very strong predictors of conversion/failure of early laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis.Male patients of acute cholecystitis or patient with serum C-reactive protein levels of >3.6 mg/dl at admission have high risk of conversion in early laparoscopic cholecystectomy and warrant a conservative early management followed by delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy.