Pre-stack inversion for caved carbonate reservoir prediction: A case study from Tarim Basin, China

Research paper by Yuanyin Zhang, Sam Zandong Sun, Haijun Yang, Haiyang Wang, Jianfa Han, Hongliang Gao, Chunshu Luo, Bing Jing

Indexed on: 08 Dec '11Published on: 08 Dec '11Published in: Petroleum Science


The major storage space types in the carbonate reservoir in the Ordovician in the TZ45 area are secondary dissolution caves. For the prediction of caved carbonate reservoir, post-stack methods are commonly used in the oilfield at present since pre-stack inversion is always limited by poor seismic data quality and insufficient logging data. In this paper, based on amplitude preserved seismic data processing and rock-physics analysis, pre-stack inversion is employed to predict the caved carbonate reservoir in TZ45 area by seriously controlling the quality of inversion procedures. These procedures mainly include angle-gather conversion, partial stack, wavelet estimation, low-frequency model building and inversion residual analysis. The amplitude-preserved data processing method can achieve high quality data based on the principle that they are very consistent with the synthetics. Besides, the foundation of pre-stack inversion and reservoir prediction criterion can be established by the connection between reservoir property and seismic reflection through rock-physics analysis. Finally, the inversion result is consistent with drilling wells in most cases. It is concluded that integrated with amplitude-preserved processing and rock-physics, pre-stack inversion can be effectively applied in the caved carbonate reservoir prediction.