Pre-Hospital Education in Triage for Pediatric and Pregnant Patients in a Regional Trauma System without Collocated Pediatric and Adult Trauma Centers

Research paper by Sarah B Cairo, Malachi Fisher; Brian Clemency; Charlotte Cipparone; Evelyn Quist; Kathryn D Bass

Indexed on: 03 Mar '18Published on: 16 Feb '18Published in: Journal of Pediatric Surgery


Publication date: Available online 11 February 2018 Source:Journal of Pediatric Surgery Author(s): Sarah B Cairo, Malachi Fisher, Brian Clemency, Charlotte Cipparone, Evelyn Quist, Kathryn D Bass Purpose Patient triage to the appropriate destination is critical to prehospital trauma care. Triage decisions are challenging in a region without co-located pediatric and adult trauma centers. Methods A regional survey was administered to emergency medical response units identifying variability and confusion regarding factors influencing patient disposition. A course was developed to guide the triage of pediatric and pregnant trauma patients. A pre- and post-test were administered to address course principles, including decision making and triage. Results A total of 445 participants completed the course at 22 sites representing 88 different prehospital provider agencies. Pre- and post-tests were administered to 62% of participants with an average score improvement of 53.4% (pre-test range 30% to 56.6%; post-test range 85% to 100%). Improvements were seen in all categories including major and minor trauma in pregnancy, major trauma in adolescence, and knowledge of age limits and triage protocols. Conclusion Education on triage guidelines and principles of pediatric resuscitation are essential for appropriate pre-hospital trauma management. Pre- and post-tests may be used to demonstrate short term efficacy, while ongoing evaluations of practice patterns and follow-up surveys are needed to demonstrate longevity of acquired knowledge and identify areas of persistent confusion. Level of Evidence Level IV, Case Series without Standardized.