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Power Partial Isometry Index and Ascent of a Finite Matrix

Research paper by Hwa-Long Gau, Pei Yuan Wu

Indexed on: 11 Nov '13Published on: 11 Nov '13Published in: Mathematics - Functional Analysis



Abstract

We give a complete characterization of nonnegative integers $j$ and $k$ and a positive integer $n$ for which there is an $n$-by-$n$ matrix with its power partial isometry index equal to $j$ and its ascent equal to $k$. Recall that the power partial isometry index $p(A)$ of a matrix $A$ is the supremum, possibly infinity, of nonnegative integers $j$ such that $I, A, A^2, \ldots, A^j$ are all partial isometries while the ascent $a(A)$ of $A$ is the smallest integer $k\ge 0$ for which $\ker A^k$ equals $\ker A^{k+1}$. It was known before that, for any matrix $A$, either $p(A)\le\min\{a(A), n-1\}$ or $p(A)=\infty$. In this paper, we prove more precisely that there is an $n$-by-$n$ matrix $A$ such that $p(A)=j$ and $a(A)=k$ if and only if one of the following conditions holds: (a) $j=k\le n-1$, (b) $j\le k-1$ and $j+k\le n-1$, and (c) $j\le k-2$ and $j+k=n$. This answers a question we asked in a previous paper.