Potential of somatic embryogenesis in Prunus avium immature zygotic embryos

Research paper by Ghislaine De March, Emmanuel Grenier, Nicole Miannay, Gérard Sulmont, Hélène David, Alain David

Indexed on: 01 Aug '93Published on: 01 Aug '93Published in: Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (PCTOC)


For the purpose of developing somatic embryogenesis in Prunus avium L., immature zygotic embryos, collected from five donor trees and sorted into two size classes (C1: 2.5–3.5 and C2: 3.6–4.5 mm), received various experimental treatments. When cultured for 10 days on an inductive medium containing 18.1 μM 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-d) and 9.3 μM kinetin, then transferred to fresh medium without growth regulators, 2.5% of the C1 class cotyledons expressed direct somatic embryogenesis. C2 class cotyledons were less responsive. The response was also influenced by the chosen donor tree. In a few cases, spontaneous germination occurred. The presence of a root meristem was clearly demonstrated by histological examination of longitudinal sections. The replacement of half the amount of 2,4-d, present in the inductive medium mentioned above, by the same quantity of naphthaleneacetic acid reduced the incidence of somatic embryogenesis. Conversely, a rhizogenic response was strongly enhanced. When submitted to an inductive medium containing indoleacetic acid and zeatin without any subcultures for 3 months, C1 class cotyledons were the most morphogenic and developed leaves and cotyledon-like structures.