Postoperative tension pneumoperitoneum in an infant

Research paper by N. Eke

Indexed on: 01 Mar '01Published on: 01 Mar '01Published in: Pediatric Surgery International


 A 9-week-old boy developed massive postoperative abdominal distension following a Fredet-Ramstedt pyloromyotomy for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. A plain abdominal X-ray film was suggestive of a tension pneumoperitoneum. Passage of a cannula into the peritoneal space resulted in forceful expulsion of air, resulting in relief of the distension, which recurred after a few hours. At laparotomy, the tension pneumoperitoneum was due to a pyloric fistula at the proximal end of the pyloromyotomy, although a mucosal breach at the first operation had been at the distal end. Closure of the fistula resulted in complete resolution. A limited review of the literature is undertaken.

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