Post-chemiluminescence determination of chloramphenicol based on luminol-potassium periodate system.

Research paper by Xiao Feng XF Yang, Nian Bing NB Li, Hong Qun HQ Luo

Indexed on: 21 Jul '11Published on: 21 Jul '11Published in: Luminescence


A post-chemiluminescence (PCL) phenomenon was observed when chloramphenicol was injected into a mixture of luminol and potassium periodate after the chemiluminescence (CL) reaction of luminol-potassium periodate had finished. The possible reaction mechanism was proposed based on studies of the CL kinetic characteristics, the CL spectra, the fluorescence spectra and the UV-vis absorption spectra of the related substances. Based on the PCL reaction, a rapid and sensitive method for the determination of chloramphenicol was established. The linear response range was 6.0 × 10(-7) -1.0 × 10(-5) mol/L, with a correlation coefficient of 0.9986. The relative standard deviation (RSD) for 5.0 × 10(-6) mol/L chloramphenicol was 2.3% (n = 11). The detection limit was 1.6 × 10(-7) mol/L. The method has been applied to the determination of chloramphenicol in pharmaceutical samples with satisfactory results.