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Posaconazole against Candida glabrata isolates with various susceptibilities to fluconazole.

Research paper by Elisabetta E Spreghini, Carmelo Massimo CM Maida, Serena S Tomassetti, Fiorenza F Orlando, Daniele D Giannini, Maria Eleonora ME Milici, Giorgio G Scalise, Francesco F Barchiesi

Indexed on: 09 Apr '08Published on: 09 Apr '08Published in: Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy



Abstract

We investigated the in vitro activities of posaconazole (POS), fluconazole (FLC), amphotericin B (AMB), and caspofungin (CAS) against four clinical isolates of Candida glabrata with various susceptibilities to FLC (FLC MICs ranging from 1.0 to >64 microg/ml). POS MICs ranged from < or =0.03 to 0.5 microg/ml; AMB MICs ranged from 0.25 to 2.0 microg/ml, while CAS MICs ranged from 0.03 to 0.25 microg/ml. When FLC MICs increased, so did POS MICs, although we did not observe any isolate with a POS MIC greater than 0.5 mug/ml. Time-kill experiments showed that POS, FLC, and CAS were fungistatic against all isolates, while AMB at eight times the MIC was fungicidal against three out of four isolates of C. glabrata tested. Then, we investigated the activity of POS in an experimental model of disseminated candidiasis using three different isolates of C. glabrata: one susceptible to FLC (S; FLC MICs ranging from 1.0 to 4.0 microg/ml; POS MIC of < or =0.03 microg/ml), one susceptible in a dose-dependent manner (SDD; FLC MICs ranging from 32 to 64 microg/ml; POS MICs ranging from 0.125 to 0.25 microg/ml), and another one resistant to FLC (R; FLC MIC of >64 microg/ml; POS MIC of 0.5 microg/ml). FLC significantly reduced the kidney burden of mice infected with the S strain (P = 0.0070) but not of those infected with the S-DD and R strains. POS was significantly effective against all three isolates at reducing the kidney fungal burden with respect to the controls (P ranging from 0.0003 to 0.029). In conclusion, our data suggest that POS may be a useful option in the management of systemic infections caused by C. glabrata. Additionally, the new triazole may be a therapeutic option in those cases where an FLC-resistant isolate is found to retain a relatively low POS MIC.

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