Population pharmacokinetics of cefquinome in pigs.

Research paper by D H DH Zhao, C Y CY Zhang, Z Z Zhang, Z C ZC Liu, B T BT Liu, J J JJ Yu, J P JP Guo, H H Deng, Y H YH Liu

Indexed on: 30 Nov '12Published on: 30 Nov '12Published in: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics


This study was performed in 145 pigs to develop a population pharmacokinetics (PPK) model by i.m. administration of cefquinome (CEQ) at the dose of 2 mg/kg in the neck muscle. Serum physiological and biochemical parameters for each pig were determined before administration. After administration, 2-4 samples were collected at random, with the sampling point evenly distributed in the three periods (<1 h, 1-4 h and >4 h). The plasma concentration of CEQ was determined by high performance liquid chromatography with UV detector. The pharmacostatistical analyses of concentration-time data, weight, age, gender, serum physiological and biochemical parameters were performed with nonlinear mixed effect modeling (NONMEM). A one-compartmental model with first-order absorption and elimination adequately described the data from the study group. The optimal random effect model of pharmacokinetics parameters was of log-normal distribution and the residual errors assumed a mixed-type model (proportional and additive) to best explain intra-individual variability. Covariate analysis showed that body weight is positively correlated with apparent volume of distribution (V/F) and body clearance (CL/F). The typical PPK parameters of Ka , CL, and V were 0.564/h, 5.15 L/h, and 1.36 L, respectively.