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Pooled analysis of the reports of carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combinations in patients with refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma.

Research paper by Liping L Liu, Ningning N Zhao, Wenjun W Xu, Zhixin Z Sheng, Lida L Wang

Indexed on: 14 Jul '16Published on: 14 Jul '16Published in: Journal of Hematology & Oncology



Abstract

The purpose of this study was to better understand the efficacy and safety of carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combinations in patients with refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma(R/RMM).We retrieved and reviewed published reports including carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combination regimens for patients with R/RMM.We identified 20 prospective studies that evaluated 2220 patients. Carfilzomib combination regimens produced an overall response rate (ORR ≥ PR) of 61 % in the 1211 relapsed/refractory patients. At least very good partial response (VGPR) was 29 % in patients with carfilzomib combinations. Finally, 49 % of the 597 patients achieved ORR in patients receiving panobinostat-containing combinations. At least VGPR was 16 % in patients with panobinostat combinations. Three hundred twenty-eight of these 449 patients (73 %) receiving elotuzumab-containing combinations achieved ORR. And at least VGPR was 37 %. And, the vital nonhematologic adverse events (AEs) were cardiac events and pneumonia.Carfilzomib, panobinostat, and elotuzumab combination regimens produced clinical benefits in patients with R/RMM.