Polynomial Hybrid Monte Carlo algorithm for lattice QCD with an odd number of flavors

Research paper by JLQCD Collaboration, S. Aoki, R. Burkhalter, M. Fukugita, S. Hashimoto, K-I. Ishikawa, N. Ishizuka, Y. Iwasaki, K. Kanaya, T. Kaneko, Y. Kuramashi, M. Okawa, T. Onogi, S. Tominaga, N. Tsutsui, et al.

Indexed on: 30 Aug '02Published on: 30 Aug '02Published in: High Energy Physics - Lattice


We present a polynomial hybrid Monte Carlo (PHMC) algorithm for lattice QCD with odd numbers of flavors of O(a)-improved Wilson quark action. The algorithm makes use of the non-Hermitian Chebyshev polynomial to approximate the inverse square root of the fermion matrix required for an odd number of flavors. The systematic error from the polynomial approximation is removed by a noisy Metropolis test for which a new method is developed. Investigating the property of our PHMC algorithm in the N_f=2 QCD case, we find that it is as efficient as the conventional HMC algorithm for a moderately large lattice size (16^3 times 48) with intermediate quark masses (m_{PS}/m_V ~ 0.7-0.8). We test our odd-flavor algorithm through extensive simulations of two-flavor QCD treated as an N_f = 1+1 system, and comparing the results with those of the established algorithms for N_f=2 QCD. These tests establish that our PHMC algorithm works on a moderately large lattice size with intermediate quark masses (16^3 times 48, m_{PS}/m_V ~ 0.7-0.8). Finally we experiment with the (2+1)-flavor QCD simulation on small lattices (4^3 times 8 and 8^3 times 16), and confirm the agreement of our results with those obtained with the R algorithm and extrapolated to a zero molecular dynamics step size.