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Polyaniline/Montmorillonite Nanocomposites Obtained by In Situ Intercalation and Oxidative Polymerization in Cationic Modified-Clay (Sodium, Copper and Iron)

Research paper by A. Zehhaf, E. Morallon, A. Benyoucef

Indexed on: 11 Sep '13Published on: 11 Sep '13Published in: Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials



Abstract

Polyaniline/montmorillonite nanocomposites (PANI/M) were obtained by intercalation of aniline monomer into M modified with different cations and subsequent oxidative polymerization of the aniline. The modified-clay was prepared by ion exchange of sodium, copper and iron cations in the clay (Na–M, Cu–M and Fe–M respectively). Infrared spectroscopy confirms the electrostatic interaction between the oxidized PANI and the negatively charged surface of the clay. X-ray diffraction analysis provides structural information of the prepared materials. The nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy and their thermal degradation was investigated by thermogravimetric analysis. The weight loss suggests that the PANI chains in the nanocomposites have higher thermal stability than pure PANI. The electrical conductivity of the nanocomposites increased between 12 and 24 times with respect to the pure M and this increase was dependent on the cation-modification. The electrochemical behavior of the polymers extracted from the nanocomposites was studied by cyclic voltammetry and a good electrochemical response was observed.