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Plasma electrochemistry in ionic liquids: deposition of copper nanoparticles.

Research paper by M M Brettholle, O O Höfft, L L Klarhöfer, S S Mathes, W W Maus-Friedrichs, S S Zein El Abedin, S S Krischok, J J Janek, F F Endres

Indexed on: 11 Feb '10Published on: 11 Feb '10Published in: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics



Abstract

We report on the synthesis of copper nanoparticles in two different water- and air-stable ionic liquids using plasma electrochemical deposition. The copper nanoparticles were deposited in 1-butyl-1-methylpyrrolidinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([Py(1,4)]Tf(2)N) and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([EMIm]Tf(2)N). To get information on the dimensions of the particles made, we have applied in situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) (particles in ionic liquid). The chemical composition was investigated by ex situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). We found that the copper particles produced in [Py(1,4)]Tf(2)N were larger in size compared to the particles obtained in [EMIm] Tf(2)N (roughly 20 vs. 10 nm). The chemical composition of the particle surface differs too. In both cases the particles are partly oxidised leading to a CuO shell, but the particles obtained in [Py(1,4)]Tf(2)N carry a lot of residues from the ionic liquid.