Plasma amino acid differences in very low birth weight infants fed either human milk or whey-dominant cow milk formula.

Research paper by R J RJ Schanler, C C Garza

Indexed on: 01 Mar '87Published on: 01 Mar '87Published in: Pediatric Research


Midmorning plasma amino acid levels were measured in 31 healthy, very low birth weight infants (mean age 16 days, mean birth weight 1180 g, gestation 29 wk) during 96-h balance studies. All infants received continuous enteral infusion of isonitrogenous, isocaloric preparations of either human milk fortified with pasteurized, lyophilized fractions of mature human milk (n = 18) or whey-dominant cow milk-based formula (n = 13). Weight gain (15 g/kg/day), nitrogen retention (303 mg/kg/day), and metabolizable energy (104 kcal/kg/day) were similar between groups. Plasma levels of threonine, valine, and the sum of essential amino acids were significantly greater in the whey-dominant formula-fed infants (p less than 0.01). Taurine and cystine were measured in significantly greater concentrations in the fortified human milk and threonine, valine, methionine, and lysine in the whey-dominant cow milk formula (p less than 0.01). Relationships between plasma amino acid levels and indices of nitrogen utilization differed between groups. These differences suggest that further modifications of whey-dominant formulas may be indicated.