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Plant regeneration of the mining ecotype Sedum alfredii and cadmium hyperaccumulation in regenerated plants

Research paper by Su-Juan Zhao, Zhong-Chun Zhang, Xiang Gao, Gulsum Tohsun, Bao-Sheng Qiu

Indexed on: 04 Aug '09Published on: 04 Aug '09Published in: Plant cell, tissue and organ culture



Abstract

An efficient micropropagation system for mining ecotype Sedum alfredii Hance, a newly identified Zn/Cd hyperaccumulator, was developed. Frequency of callus induction reached up to 70% from leaves incubated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 1.0 mg l−1 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) and 0.5 mg l−1 6-benzyladenine (BA), and 83% from internodal stem segments grown on MS medium with 0.1 mg l−1 2,4-D and 0.1 mg l−1 BA. Callus proliferated rapidly on MS medium containing 0.2 mg l−1 2,4-D and 0.05 mg l−1 thidiazuron. The highest number of adventitious buds per callus (17.3) and frequency of shoot regeneration (93%) were obtained when calli were grown on MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg l−1 BA and 0.3 mg l−1 α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Elongation of shoots was achieved when these were incubated on MS medium containing 3.0 mg l−1 gibberellic acid. Induction of roots was highest (21.4 roots per shoot) when shoots were transferred to MS medium containing 2.0 mg l−1 indole 3-butyric acid rather than either indole 3-acetic acid or NAA. When these in vitro plants were acclimatized and transferred to the greenhouse, and grown in hydroponic solutions containing 200 μM cadmium (Cd), they exhibited high efficiency of Cd transport, from roots to shoots, and hyperaccumulation of Cd.