Botanical designation: Calibrachoa sp.
Cultivar denomination: ‘DUEALNEON09’.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Calibrachoa plant, botanically known as Calibrachoa sp. and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘Duealneon09’.
The new Calibrachoa plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in Rheinberg, Germany. The objective of the breeding program is to create new compact Calibrachoa cultivars with large attractive flowers.
The new Calibrachoa plant originated from a cross-pollination made by the Inventor in July, 2006 in Rheinberg, Germany of a proprietary selection of Calibrachoa sp. identified as code number A05-1631-009, not patented, as the female, or seed, parent with Calibrachoa sp. ‘KLECA06128’, not patented, as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Calibrachoa plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor as a single flowering plant from within the progeny of the stated cross-pollination in a controlled greenhouse environment in Rheinberg, Germany in May, 2008.
Asexual reproduction of the new Calibrachoa plant by vegetative terminal cuttings in a controlled greenhouse environment in Rheinberg, Germany since May, 2008, has shown that the unique features of this new Calibrachoa plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Plants of the new Calibrachoa have not been observed under all possible environmental conditions. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environment and cultural practices such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.
The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘Duealneon09’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘Duealneon09’ as a new and distinct cultivar of Calibrachoa:
- 1. Compact, upright and outwardly spreading to trailing and decumbent plant habit.
- 2. Freely branching growth habit.
- 3. Numerous large bright red purple-colored flowers.
- 4. Good garden performance.
The new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of the female parent selection. Plants of the new Calibrachoa differ primarily from plants of the female parent selection in flower color as plants of the female parent selection have burgundy-colored flowers.
The new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of the male parent, ‘KLECA06128’. Plants of the new Calibrachoa differ primarily from plants of ‘KLECA06128’ in flower color as plants of ‘KLECA06128’ have burgundy-colored flowers. In addition, plants of the new Calibrachoa are more freely branching and have larger flowers than plants of ‘KLECA06128’.
Plants of the new Calibrachoa can be compared to plants of Calibrachoa ‘Cal Pur’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 15,427. Plants of the new Calibrachoa differ from plants of ‘Cal Pur’ in the following characteristics:
- 1. Plants of the new Calibrachoa are more compact than plants of ‘Cal Pur’.
- 2. Plants of the new Calibrachoa and ‘Cal Pur’ differ in flower color as plants of ‘Cal Pur’ have purple violet-colored flowers.
DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION
The aforementioned photograph and following observations, measurements and values describe plants grown in 10.5-cm containers in Rheinberg, Germany, under commercial practice during the summer in a glass-covered greenhouse with day and night temperatures averaging 18° C. and light levels averaging 4,500 lux. Rooted young plants were pinched one time three weeks after planting had been growing for 13 weeks when the photograph and description were taken. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.
- Botanical classification: Calibrachoa sp. ‘Duealneon09’.
- Female, or seed, parent.—Proprietary selection of Calibrachoa sp. identified as code number A05-1631-009, not patented.
- Male, or pollen, parent.—Calibrachoa sp. ‘KLECA06128’, not patented.
- Type.—By vegetative cuttings.
- Time to initiate roots, summer.—About five days at 20° C.
- Time to initiate roots, winter.—About seven days at 20° C.
- Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.—About three weeks at temperatures of 20° C.
- Time to produce a rooted young plant, winter.—About four weeks at temperatures of 20° C.
- Root description.—Fine, fibrous; white in color.
- Rooting habit.—Freely branching; dense.
- Plant description:
- Plant and growth habit.—Compact, upright and outwardly spreading to trailing and decumbent plant habit; freely branching habit with about ten lateral branches; pinching enhances branching; vigorous growth habit.
- Plant height.—About 7 cm.
- Plant diameter.—About 27 cm.
- Lateral branch description:
- Length.—About 11 cm.
- Diameter.—About 2 mm.
- Internode length.—About 1.6 cm.
- Aspect.—Initially upright to outwardly spreading to trailing and decumbent.
- Color.—Close to 144A to 144B.
- Foliage description:
- Arrangement.—Before flowering, alternate, simple; after flowering, opposite, simple.
- Length.—About 3.1 cm.
- Width.—About 1.2 cm.
- Texture, upper and lower surfaces.—Pubescent.
- Venation pattern.—Pinnate; arcuate.
- Color.—Developing and fully expanded leaves, upper surface: Close to 137A; venation, close to 144B to 144C. Developing and fully expanded leaves, lower surface: Close to 137C; venation, close to 144B to 144C.
- Petiole.—Length: About 2 mm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Pubescent. Color, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 144B.
- Flower description:
- Flower arrangement and habit.—Single salverform flowers arising from leaf axils; freely flowering habit with usually about 30 open flowers and flower buds per plant; flowers face upright or outwardly.
- Fragrance.—None detected.
- Natural flowering season.—Plants of the new Calibrachoa initiate and develop flowers about four weeks after planting; plants flower continuously from the spring until the autumn in Germany.
- Flower longevity.—Individual flowers last about seven to ten days on the plant; flowers not persistent.
- Flower diameter.—About 3.7 cm.
- Flower length (height).—About 2.5 cm.
- Flower throat diameter.—About 8 mm.
- Flower tube length.—About 9 mm.
- Flower tube diameter, base.—About 1.5 mm.
- Flower bud.—Shape: Elongated oblong. Length: About 2.2 cm. Diameter: About 4.3 mm. Color: Close to 145A and 77A.
- Corolla.—Arrangement: Five petals fused at the base and opening into a flared trumpet. Petal length from throat: About 1.5 cm. Petal lobe width: About 1.7 cm. Petal shape: Roughly spatulate. Petal apex: Rounded and shallowly cordate. Petal margin: Entire. Petal texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Throat texture: Smooth, glabrous. Tube texture: Smooth, glabrous. Color: Petal, when opening, upper surface: Close to 66A. Petal, when opening, lower surface: Close to 71A. Petal, fully opened, upper surface: Close to 74A; color becoming closer to 71A with development; venation, close to 187A. Petal, fully opened, lower surface: Close to 74C; venation, close to 187A to 187B. Throat: Close to 77A; venation, close to 187A. Tube: Close to 13A; venation, close to 79A to 79B.
- Calyx.—Arrangement: Star-shaped calyx with five sepals; sepals fused at the base. Sepal length: About 1.2 cm. Sepal width: About 2.6 mm. Sepal shape: Lanceolate. Sepal apex: Acute. Sepal margin: Entire. Sepal texture, upper and lower surfaces: Pubescent. Color, upper surface: Close to 137A to 137C. Color, lower surface: Close to 137C.
- Peduncles.—Length: About 1 cm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Angle: About 45° from stem axis. Strength: Moderately strong. Texture: Pubescent. Color: Close to 144A.
- Reproductive organs.—Stamens: Quantity/arrangement: Six per flower. Filament length: About 5.6 mm. Filament color: Close to 145B. Anther shape: Ellipsoidal. Anther length: About 1 mm. Anther color: Close to 14A. Pollen amount: Scarce. Pollen color: Close to 13B. Pistils: Quantity: One per flower. Pistil length: About 9 mm. Style length: About 7 mm. Style color: Close to 144A to 144B. Stigma shape: Ellipsoidal. Stigma color: Close to 144B. Ovary color: Close to 144C. Seed/fruit: Seed and fruit development have not been observed on plants of the new Calibrachoa.
- Garden performance: Plants of the new Calibrachoa have been observed to have good garden performance and tolerate wind, rain and temperatures ranging from about 5° C. to about 40° C.
- Pathogen/pest resistance: Plants of the new Calibrachoa have not been observed to be resistant to pathogens and pests common to Calibrachoa.