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Planar p-on-n HgCdTe heterojunction mid-wavelength infrared photodiodes formed using plasma-induced junction isolation

Research paper by C. A. Musca, J. Antoszewski, J. M. Dell, L. Faraone, S. Terterian

Indexed on: 01 Jul '03Published on: 01 Jul '03Published in: Journal of Electronic Materials



Abstract

Planar p-on-n HgCdTe heterojunction photodiodes have been fabricated using a plasma-induced type conversion process for device junction isolation. The technique is presented as a fully planar alternative technology to the commonly used mesa isolation structure. The starting material consisted of an indium-doped n-type mid-wavelength infrared (MWIR) HgCdTe absorbing layer that was capped by a 1-µm-thick wider bandgap arsenic-doped p-type layer. Junction-isolated p-on-n diodes were formed by selectively p-to-n type converting the p-type cap layer using a plasma process. Photodiode dark current-voltage measurements were performed as a function of temperature, along with noise and responsivity. The devices have cut-off wavelengths between 4.8 µm and 5.0 µm, exhibit diffusion-limited dark currents down to 145 K, give R0A values greater than 1 × 107Ω·cm2 at 80 K and greater than 1 × 105Ω·cm2 at 120 K, and have negligible 1/f noise current at zero applied bias.