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Piston cooling nozzle

Imported: 24 Feb '17 | Published: 06 Jan '04

Christophe Bontaz

USPTO - Utility Patents

Abstract

A cooling nozzle in accordance with the invention cools the piston of an internal combustion engine. The nozzle includes a nozzle body with a penetrating part shaped to engage in a bore of the engine and to receive a cooling fluid. The nozzle includes an internal valve consisting of a piston guided and sliding in a guide bore of the nozzle body. The piston includes a head oriented in the upstream direction and bearing against an annular seat. The piston is urged towards the annular seat by a compression coil spring. The cooling nozzle for high-pressure engine cooling circuits and incorporating an internal valve obtained therefore has greater durability.

Description

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will emerge from the following description of particular embodiments of the invention, given with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a first embodiment of a nozzle structure according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view partly in section of the assembled nozzle from FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a front view in longitudinal section of the nozzle from FIGS. 1 and 2, showing how it functions;

FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of a second embodiment of a nozzle according to the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a perspective view partly in section of the assembled nozzle from FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a front view in longitudinal section of the nozzle from FIGS. 4 and 5, showing how it functions; and

FIG. 7 shows a nozzle according to the invention incorporated in an internal combustion engine.

Claims

1. A nozzle for cooling a piston of an internal combustion engine, including a nozzle body with a penetrating part shaped to engage in a bore of the engine and to receive a cooling fluid arriving via said bore, including an internal valve for modulating the flow of fluid as a function of its pressure, and including an outlet structure with a radial fluid passage in the nozzle body and an outlet tube, adapted to transmit cooling fluid leaving the internal valve and to direct it in the form of a jet at least against the back of the piston to be cooled, the internal valve including a piston, having a downstream section with a cylindrical lateral guide surface sliding longitudinally in a guide bore in the nozzle body, having a head oriented in the upstream direction defined with respect to the direction of flow of the cooling fluid to bear selectively against an annular seat in the nozzle body and through which the cooling fluid flows, and the internal valve including a compression coil spring, engaged axially between a downstream bearing surface in the nozzle body and a downstream surface of the piston to urge the piston in the upstream direction against the annular seat, wherein the guide bore in which the piston slides is essentially inside an upstream section of the nozzle body, on the upstream side of the radial fluid passage, and fluid passages convey the fluid axially from the downstream side of the annular seat to the radial fluid passage as soon as the piston moves off the annular seat, so that, when the internal valve is open, the piston is substantially on the upstream side of the radial fluid passage.

2. A cooling nozzle according to claim 1, wherein the downstream section of the piston includes a downstream coaxial portion in which the upstream end part of the compression coil spring is engaged and guided.

3. A cooling nozzle according to claim 1, wherein the nozzle body has an axial through bore, in which is engaged without clearance and retained in position a tubular jacket with an axial bore, a downstream section of which forms the guide bore receiving the downstream section of the piston, the tubular jacket having an internal intermediate shoulder forming the annular seat, at least one radial hole being provided in the wall of the tubular jacket immediately downstream of the annular seat to convey fluid radially towards one or more peripheral passages between the external surface of the tubular jacket and the surface of the axial through bore of the nozzle body, said peripheral passages being adapted to convey cooling fluid axially from the radial hole or holes to the radial fluid passage in the nozzle body.

4. A cooling nozzle according to claim 3, wherein the peripheral passage or passages comprise a larger diameter section of the axial through bore, whereas the tubular jacket has a substantially constant outside diameter leaving an annular intermediate space in which the cooling fluid flows.

5. A cooling nozzle according to claim 3, wherein the tubular jacket is made of sintered steel, while the piston is made of steel.

6. A cooling piston according to claim 1, wherein the piston includes, between its downstream section with its cylindrical lateral guide surface and the head, an external annular recess defining, with the wall of the guide bore, an annular housing communicating via radial piston holes with an axial piston bore open in the downstream direction into the axial passage through the body that conveys the cooling fluid to the radial fluid passage in the nozzle body.

7. A cooling nozzle according to claim 6, wherein the annular seat is an annular ring fixed into the axial bore through the nozzle body.

8. An internal combustion engine including at least one nozzle incorporating a piston as claimed in claim 1.