Piezoelectric and mechanical properties of novel composites of PZT and a liquid crystalline thermosetting resin

Research paper by D. A. van den Ende, P. de Almeida, Sybrand van der Zwaag

Indexed on: 25 Apr '07Published on: 25 Apr '07Published in: Journal of Materials Science


A novel series of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) ceramic–polymer composites has been developed and characterized. The matrix polymer is a liquid crystalline thermosetting resin (LCR) based on a HBA-HNA backbone and phenylethynyl end-groups. The composites show excellent high temperature processability. The dielectric properties were studied as a function of PZT volume fraction and processing conditions. Piezoelectric behaviour was compared to Yamada et al. model for 0–3 composites. For a moderate PZT volume fraction a high value for the piezoelectric stress constant of g33 = 48 mV m/N was measured, which, in combination with a good chemical and thermal resistance of the polymer matrix, makes the material a good candidate for sensor applications at elevated temperatures. The liquid crystalline thermosetting character of the polymer imparts interesting high temperature post-formability.