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Physical Microenvironment-based Inducible Scaffold for Stem Cell Tenogenesis and Tendon Regeneration.

Research paper by Hong H Zhang, Meng-Fei MF Liu, Ri-Chun RC Liu, Wei-Liang WL Shen, Zi Z Yin, Xiao X Chen

Indexed on: 05 May '18Published on: 05 May '18Published in: Tissue engineering. Part B, Reviews



Abstract

Tendon injuries are common musculoskeletal system disorders, but the tendons have poor regeneration ability. To address this issue, tendon tissue engineering provides potential strategies for future therapeutic treatment. Elements of the physical microenvironment, such as the mechanical force and surface topography, play a vital role in regulating stem cell fate, enhancing the differentiation efficiency of seed cells in tendon tissue engineering. Various inducible scaffolds have been widely explored for tendon regeneration, and scaffold-enhancing modifications have been extensively studied. In this review, we systematically summarize the effects of the physical microenvironment on stem cell differentiation and tendon regeneration; we also provide an overview of the inducible scaffolds for stem cell tenogenic differentiation. Finally, we suggest some potential scaffold-based therapies for tendon injuries, presenting an interesting perspective on tendon regenerative medicine.