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Phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase 1 contributes to maintenance of root apical meristem by affecting ROS and auxin regulated cell differentiation in Arabidopsis.

Research paper by Yi Y Zou, Xiaojing X Zhang, Yunyi Y Tan, Jia-Bao JB Huang, Zhiqiong Z Zheng, Li-Zhen LZ Tao

Indexed on: 29 Jun '19Published on: 28 Jun '19Published in: New Phytologist



Abstract

The continuous growth of roots requires the balance between cell division and differentiation. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and auxin are important regulators of root development by affecting cell division and differentiation. The mechanism controlling the coordinating of cell division and differentiation is not well understood. Using a forward genetic screen, we isolated a mutant, dpr2, defective in root apical meristem (RAM) maintenance. The DPR2 gene encodes phosphoethanolamine N-methyltransferase 1 (PEAMT1) that catalyzes phosphocholine biosynthesis in Arabidopsis. We characterized the primary root phenotypes of dpr2 using various marker lines, histochemical and pharmacological analysis to probe early root development. Loss-of-function of DPR2/PEAMT1 resulted in RAM consumption by affecting root stem cell niche, division zone, elongation and differentiation zone (EDZ). PIN-FORMED (PIN) protein abundance, PIN2 polar distribution and general endocytosis were impaired in the root tip of dpr2. Excess hydrogen peroxide and auxin accumulate in the EDZ of dpr2, leading to RAM consumption by accelerating cell differentiation. Suppression of ROS over-accumulation or inhibition of auxin signaling partially prevent RAM differentiation in dpr2 after choline starvation. Taken together, we conclude that the EDZ of the root tip is most sensitive to choline shortage, leading to RAM consumption through a ROS-auxin regulation module. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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