Indexed on: 09 Mar '01Published on: 09 Mar '01Published in: High Energy Physics - Theory
We study the topological zero mode sector of type II strings on a K\"ahler manifold $X$ in the presence of boundaries. We construct two finite bases, in a sense bosonic and fermionic, that generate the topological sector of the Hilbert space with boundaries. The fermionic basis localizes on compact submanifolds in $X$. A variation of the FI terms interpolates between the description of these ground states in terms of the ring of chiral fields at the boundary at small volume and helices of exceptional sheaves at large volume, respectively. The identification of the bosonic/fermionic basis with the dual bases for the non-compact/compact K-theory group on $X$ gives a natural explanation of the McKay correspondence in terms of a linear sigma model and suggests a simple generalization of McKay to singular resolutions. The construction provides also a very effective way to describe D-brane states on generic, compact Calabi--Yau manifolds and allows to recover detailed information on the moduli space, such as monodromies and analytic continuation matrices, from the group theoretical data of a simple orbifold.