Indexed on: 11 May '02Published on: 11 May '02Published in: Journal of ocular pharmacology and therapeutics : the official journal of the Association for Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Immortalized human non-pigmented ciliary epithelial (NPE) cells (ODM-2) were shown to express the mRNA for the prostanoid TPalpha but not the TPbeta receptor using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These TPalpha receptors were coupled to phospholipase C (PLC) and, thus, promoted phosphoinositide (PI) turnover. TP receptor agonists yielded the following potencies (EC50S) in the PI turnover assays: I-BOP = 8.2 +/- 1.1 nM; carbocyclic TA2 = 87.5 +/- 25.3 nM; U-44069 = 1.16 +/- 0.32 microM; U-46619 = 1.2 +/- 0.2 microM (n = 4-17). Agonists selective for other prostanoid receptor subtypes (e.g., fluprostenol and sulprostone) were inactive. The agonist effects of U-44619 and I-BOP were potently blocked, in an apparent non-competitive manner (ki = 53.9 +/- 12 nM; pA2s = 7.6-7.8; pKbs = 7.38), by the TP receptor-selective antagonist, SQ29,548, but were unaffected by other prostanoid receptor antagonists (e.g., AH6809, AL-8810). The PLC inhibitor (U73122) inhibited U-46619-induced PI turnover (IC50 = 4.3 +/- 0.6 microM). The functional potencies of the compounds stimulating or inhibiting the TP receptor-mediated PI turnover in the NPE cells correlated well with the TP receptor binding affinities of these compounds at human platelet TP receptors (r = 0.98). These studies have shown the presence of the mRNA for and the expression of functional TPalpha receptors coupled to PLC in human NPE cells. The TPalpha receptors on NPE cells may be responsible for inhibiting aqueous humor production and may help explain the intraocular pressure-lowering effects of certain TP agonists.
Indexed on: 01 Jan '05
Published on: 01 Jan '05 in The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics