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Pharmacokinetics of two oral cyclosporin a formulations in clinically stable heart-transplant patients.

Research paper by M M Baraldo, F F Pea, D D Poz, M M Furlanut

Indexed on: 23 Jun '01Published on: 23 Jun '01Published in: Pharmacological Research



Abstract

In order to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of cyclosporine A comparing the traditional (CsA-SCG) with the microemulsion formulation (CsA-ME), 20 clinically stable heart-transplant patients were enrolled in the study. All patients were on a thrice-daily dosage regimen (mean single dose 1.14 +/- 0.4 mgkg(-1)body weight) of CsA-SCG. The steady-state area under the concentration-time curve during a dosage interval was calculated during three sequential periods: (1) the first after the morning oral dose of CsA-SCG; (2) the second (8 days later) after 2 hours intravenous infusion of cyclosporine; (3) the third after the CsA-ME morning oral dose (30 days after the milligram-to-milligram dose conversion). After switching from standard formulation CsA-SCG to CsA-ME, significant changes were observed in C(max)(ss)( 732 +/- 178 vs 935 +/- 250 ng ml(-1), P< 0.001) and t(max)( 2.63 +/- 1.21 vs 1.36 +/- 0.49 h, P< 0.001). The CsA-ME mean bioavailability was higher than CsA-SCG ( 75 +/- 19 vs 66 +/- 16%;P< 0.001). The main CsA pharmacokinetic parameters of both formulations in clinically stable heart-transplant patients presented evident differences from data obtained in other transplant-patient populations.