Pharmacodynamic equivalence study of CFC-free and CFC-containing procaterol hydrochloride metered-dose inhalers.

Research paper by M M Kawai, M M Nakashima, S S Takaori, Y Y Nakamura, K K Akamatsu, M M Nakashima, T T Miyamoto

Indexed on: 08 Nov '05Published on: 08 Nov '05Published in: Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology


Equivalence between a CFC-free procaterol hydrochloride metered-dose inhaler using HFA-227 as a propellant (Meptin [HFA]) and a CFC-containing procaterol hydrochloride metered-dose inhaler (Meptin [CFC]) was assessed in 28 patients with bronchial asthma. The study was conducted in a randomized, double-dummy, double-blind crossover manner, using forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) as an index of bronchodilatory effect. In Period I, the patients received 20 microg of either Meptin [HFA] or Meptin [CFC] and then crossed over in Period II after a washout interval of 3-28 days. Pharmacodynamic equivalence was assessed using AUC (FEV1)/h and peak FEV1 as indices, and the data was analyzed by analysis of variance. Factors used for the analysis were the treatment group and/or carryover effect, patients within each group, period, and treatment. The 90% confidence intervals for the differences between the two treatments were -0.0507 to 0.0039 (L) for mean AUC (FEV1)/h and -0.056 to 0.026 (L) for mean peak FEV1, both within the acceptance criteria of -0.15 to 0.15 (L). Meptin [HFA] was therefore assessed as being equivalent to the current Meptin [CFC].