Indexed on: 07 Nov '17Published on: 07 Nov '17Published in: European Journal of Radiology
Few studies have addressed the value of combining computed tomography-derived pulmonary vasculature metrics for the diagnosis and haemodynamic evaluation of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH).We measured three computed tomography parameters for the pulmonary artery, peripheral vessels, and pulmonary veins: the ratio of the diameter of the pulmonary artery to the aorta (PA/Ao), the cross-sectional area of small pulmonary vessels <5mm(2) as a percentage of total lung area (%CSA<5), and the diameter of the right inferior pulmonary vein (PVD). The measured quantities were compared between patients with PAH (n=45) and control subjects (n=56), and their diagnostic performance and associations with PAH-related clinical indices, including right heart catheterization measurements, were examined.PA/Ao and %CSA<5 were significantly higher in patients with PAH than in controls. Receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis for ability to diagnose PAH showed a high area under the curve (AUC) for PA/Ao (0.95) and modest AUCs for %CSA<5 (0.75) and PVD (0.56). PA/Ao correlated positively with mean pulmonary arterial pressure and PVD correlated negatively with pulmonary vascular resistance. The %CSA<5 correlated negatively with mean pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance and positively with cardiac index. Notably, the PA/Ao and PVD values divided by %CSA<5 correlated better with right heart catheterization indices than the non-divided values.PA/Ao, %CSA<5, and PVD are useful non-invasive pulmonary vasculature metrics, both alone and in combination, for diagnosis and haemodynamic assessment of PAH.