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Performance Comparison of a Pretied Suture Knot With Three Conventional Arthroscopic Knots.

Research paper by Stephen A SA Rodes, Paul J PJ Favorito, Justin M JM Piccirillo, James T JT Spivey

Indexed on: 21 Jul '15Published on: 21 Jul '15Published in: Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopy and Related Surgery



Abstract

To compare the knot characteristics of a pretied suture knot with 3 of the most commonly used arthroscopic knots tied with various high-strength sutures.Three commonly used arthroscopic knots (surgeon's knot, Seoul Medical Center, and Duncan loop) tied with no. 2 high-strength sutures were compared with a pretied knot secured with either 1, 2, or 3 reversed half hitches (RHAPS). An orthopaedic sports medicine surgeon and fellow tied a total of 120 knots. All knot combinations were tested for strength, knot bulk, cyclic loop elongation, ultimate loop elongation, and ultimate strength.All pretied configurations had statistically significant improved strength (P = .048, P ≤ .001, and P < .001) versus all other knot groups with mean ± standard deviation loads of 206.3 ± 37.5, 285.6 ± 68.6, and 357.6 ± 61.1 N, respectively. The pretied knot with 1, 2, or 3 RHAPs has significantly smaller volume than the arthroscopic knots in all suture materials. All pretied knot configurations demonstrated no significant difference in cyclic loop elongation compared with standard arthroscopic knots; however, they had a statistically significant lower ultimate loop elongation (P = .001 for each pretied knot configuration).Compared with other commonly tied arthroscopic knots using no. 2 high-strength suture, the pretied knot with doubled no. 1 high-tensile-strength suture tied with 1, 2, or 3 RHAPs results in a statistically significantly improved strength. The pretied knot has an equivalent cyclic loop elongation and lower ultimate loop elongation with all RHAP configurations. The pretied knot with 2 or 3 RHAPs has a significantly higher ultimate strength than all combinations of arthroscopic knots excluding one. The pretied knot with 1, 2, or 3 RHAPs has significantly less knot volume than all other knots tested and offers a more reproducible knot.The pre-tied knot offers equivalent or improved strength while having a smaller knot volume.