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Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for suspected vertebral artery stump syndrome.

Research paper by Kazunori K Oda, Masayuki M Noda, Toshihiro T Ishibashi, Minoru M Kogiku, Katsutoshi K Abe, Hirohisa H Kishi, Akio A Morita

Indexed on: 08 Dec '20Published on: 08 Dec '20Published in: The neuroradiology journal



Abstract

Vertebral artery stump syndrome is a rare disease associated with a posterior circulation stroke after vertebral artery origin occlusion. However, few reports have addressed its management. We herein present a case involving a patient with vertebral artery stump syndrome who underwent successful intravascular intervention. We also present a literature review of previous cases of this rare disease. The present case involved a 91-year-old man with acute onset of vertigo and disturbance of consciousness. Diffusion-weighted imaging showed an acute ischaemic stroke in the bilateral cerebellar hemispheres. Magnetic resonance angiography revealed left vertebral artery origin occlusion. Angiography detected a nearly occluded left vertebral artery site, with distal antegrade collateral flow via the deep cervical artery at the C6 level. We observed intravascular stasis at the proximal end of the left vertebral artery via the collateral flow. We performed percutaneous transluminal angioplasty towards the occluded left vertebral artery site. The flow from the left vertebral artery was significantly improved. This is the first report of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty performed for vertebral artery stump syndrome. Although vertebral artery stump syndrome has a high risk of recurrence and a poor prognosis, endovascular intervention showed a better outcome than pharmacotherapy in our patient. However, such cases are rare and further investigations are needed.