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Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation combined with selective transforaminal endoscopic decompression for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fracture.

Research paper by Zhangheng Z Huang, Yuexin Y Tong, Zhiyi Z Fan, Chuan C Hu, Chengliang C Zhao

Indexed on: 18 Sep '20Published on: 17 Sep '20Published in: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research



Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy, and indications of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation (PPSF) combined with selective transforaminal endoscopic decompression (TED) in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fracture (TBLF). From August 2015 to October 2018, a total of 41 patients with single-segment TLBF (28 men and 13 women) were enrolled in this study. X-ray and computed tomography were obtained before surgery, 1 week after surgery, and 1 year after surgery to evaluate spinal recovery. In addition, we used the visual analog scale (VAS), the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the Japanese Orthopedic Association score (JOA), and the Frankel classification of neurological deficits to evaluate the effectiveness of the treatments. The average follow-up time was 22.02 ± 8.28 months. The postoperative Cobb angle, vertebral body compression ratio, vertebral wedge angle, mid-sagittal canal diameter compression ratio, and Frankel grade were significantly improved. There were also significant improvements in the VAS (7.61 ± 1.41 vs. 1.17 ± 0.80, P < 0.001), ODI (89.82 ± 7.44 vs. 15.71 ± 13.50, P < 0.001), and JOA (6.90 ± 2.91 vs. 24.90 ± 3.03, P < 0.001). Our results showed that PPSF combined with selective TED in the treatment of TLBF had excellent efficacy, high safety, less secondary injury than other treatments, and a wide range of indications and that it could accurately distinguish patients who did not need spinal canal decompression after posterior fixation. PPSF combined with selective TED is therefore a good choice for the treatment of TLBF.