PEG-Mediated Hydrothermal Synthesis of Hierarchical Microspheres of MoS2 Nanosheets and Their Potential for Lubrication Application

Research paper by Sangita Kumari, Rashi Gusain, Niranjan Kumar, Om P. Khatri

Indexed on: 01 Aug '16Published on: 30 Jul '16Published in: Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry


Lamellar-structured nanomaterials are gaining large interest for tribological applications owing to their remarkable mechanical and low shearing properties. Herein, polyethylene glycol (PEG)-mediated hierarchical microspheres of MoS2 nanosheets are synthesized by a facile and single-step hydrothermal reduction of ammonium molybdate in the presence of thiourea. The PEG functions as a soft templating material and provides hierarchical microspheres of MoS2 nanosheets. Detailed chemical and microstructural features of hierarchical microspheres of MoS2 nanosheets are probed by FTIR XPS, Raman, XRD, TGA, FESEM, and HRTEM analyses. Each nanosheet of MoS2 nanosheets is composed of limited number (10-20) of atomic-thick lamellae of as deduced from HRTEM images. The MoS2 microspheres, as an additive to lube oils, provide significantly improved lubrication properties for steel tribo-pair by reducing the friction (∼21%) and the wear (42%) compared to that of fully formulated 10W40 lubricant. The elemental mapping of worn surfaces revealed the deposition of MoS2 nanosheets on the contact-interfaces. The improved lubrication properties are attributed to collective effect of deposition of delaminated MoS2 lamellae on the contact interfaces, low shearing and high mechanical strength of MoS2 nanosheets.

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