Indexed on: 01 Sep '15Published on: 01 Sep '15Published in: Oncology
Hereditary cancer testing guidelines are based on the premise that the common hereditary cancer syndromes have distinct, recognizable phenotypes. However, many syndromes present with overlapping cancers. The aim of this analysis was to identify the proportion of patients tested for Lynch syndrome (LS) or hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) who met testing criteria for the other syndrome.We analyzed a commercial laboratory database of patients tested for LS and HBOC in a clinical setting from 2006 to 2013. Patient cancer histories were analyzed using the 2012 NCCN criteria for LS and the 2013 NCCN criteria for HBOC.In all, 7% of the patients tested for HBOC met criteria for LS testing. The majority of these patients had a family history of colorectal (30.9%) and/or endometrial cancer (22.7%). Conversely, 29.5% of the patients tested for LS met criteria for HBOC testing. In this group, 30.5% of the patients had a personal history of breast cancer, and 12.6% had a personal history of ovarian cancer.Our data demonstrate a substantial phenotypic overlap among patients for multiple common inherited cancer syndromes, which likely complicates diagnosis and test selection. This supports the value of multigene panels to identify pathogenic mutations in the absence of a clinically specific phenotype.