Indexed on: 01 Jun '86Published on: 01 Jun '86Published in: Mycopathologia
The pathogenesis of primary pulmonary P. brasiliensis infection, the systemic dissemination which followed, and the histopathology of the main organs involved was studied in a murine model of chronic paracoccidioidomycosis. Adult male BALB/C mice, were challenged intranasally with 26×10−6 viable P. brasiliensis yeast cells. We inoculated 86 animals which were sacrificed from 0 h to 20 weeks. As controls, 11 mice were instilled with saline solution, and 48 with 26×10−6 heat-killed. P. brasiliensis yeast cells. None of the animals receiving saline, exhibited pathologic alterations; 11.6% of those inoculated with the heatkilled cells, revealed mild, transitory acinopulmonary neutrophilic infiltrates. The animals infected with viable cells, developed a systemic process affecting mainly the lungs (46.5%), liver (18.6%), lymphnodes (18.6%), and spleen (3.5%). In this group of animals, lung lesions were detected regularly at all time periods from 3 h to 20 weeks. A multiple bronchoneumonic process was initially observed at 6 h, reached its maximum intensity around the third day, subsided thereafter but did not disappear and reactivated after the fifth week to become stationary until the end of experiments. Dissemination to other organs occurred early, and apparently by the hematogenous route. Initially the inflammatory cell infiltrate was mainly neutrophilic. With time, these cells were gradually replaced by lymphocytes, histiocytes and plasmocytes. Granuloma configuration of the cell infiltrate was distinctly seen around the fifth week, with multinucleated giant cells appearing at the ninth week. Hiliary lymphnode involvement was rare (7%) and primary lung lesions, as seen in tuberculosis and histoplasmosis, were not observed.