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Parotidectomy: ten-year review of 237 cases at a single institution.

Research paper by David C DC Upton, Justin P JP McNamar, Nadine P NP Connor, Paul M PM Harari, Gregory K GK Hartig

Indexed on: 05 May '07Published on: 05 May '07Published in: Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery



Abstract

To review a single surgeon's experience with parotidectomy with an emphasis on examining the appropriate use of partial superficial parotidectomy and the differences in early outcomes observed with the various types and extent of parotidectomy used.A series of 237 patients who underwent parotidectomy over a 10-year period was reviewed.Postoperative complications included facial nerve weakness (18%), sialocele (6.3%), wound infection (3.8%), hematoma (3.8%), and symptomatic Frey's syndrome (1.7%). More extensive surgical procedures, including complete superficial or total parotidectomy, were associated with a 2.7 times greater incidence of immediate postoperative facial nerve weakness compared with partial superficial parotidectomy.Partial superficial parotidectomy is associated with a decreased incidence of transient postoperative facial nerve weakness compared with more extensive procedures such as complete superficial or total parotidectomy. Intraoperative frozen section was an accurate means of selecting patients for the partial superficial parotidectomy procedure.Partial superficial parotidectomy is an effective method for treating benign tumors confined to the superficial lobe.