Indexed on: 30 May '13Published on: 30 May '13Published in: Infectious Disease Clinics of North America
Parasitic diseases are rare infections after a solid organ transplant (SOT). Toxoplasmosis, Trypanosoma cruzi, and visceral leishmanias are the 3 main opportunistic protozoal infections that have the potential to be lethal if not diagnosed early and treated appropriately after SOT. Strongyloides stercoralis is the one helminthic disease that is life-threatening after transplant. This review addresses modes of transmission, methods of diagnosis, and treatment of the most serious parasitic infections in SOT. The role of targeted pretransplant screening of the donor and recipient for parasitic diseases is also discussed.