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Paracoccidioidomycosis in wild monkeys from Paraná State, Brazil.

Research paper by Andreia C AC Corte, Walfrido K WK Svoboda, Italmar T IT Navarro, Roberta L RL Freire, Luciano S LS Malanski, M M MM Shiozawa, Gabriela G Ludwig, Lucas M LM Aguiar, Fernando C FC Passos, Angela A Maron, Zoilo P ZP Camargo, Eiko N EN Itano, Mario Augusto MA Ono

Indexed on: 05 Oct '07Published on: 05 Oct '07Published in: Mycopathologia



Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the seroprevalence of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis infection in wild New World monkeys (Cebus sp. and Alouatta caraya). A total of 93 animals (Cebus sp., n = 68 and Alouatta caraya, n = 25) were captured in the Paraná River basin, Paraná State, Brazil and the serum samples were analyzed by ELISA and immunodiffusion using P. brasiliensis gp43 and exoantigen as antigens, respectively. The seropositivity observed by ELISA was 44.1% and 60% for Cebus sp. and A. caraya, respectively, while by immunodiffusion test Cebus sp. showed positivity of 2.9% only. No significant difference was observed in relation to age and sex. This is the first report of paracoccidioidomycosis in wild capuchin monkeys and in wild-black and golden-howler monkeys. The high positivity to P. brasiliensis infection in both species evaluated in our study and the positivity by immunodiffusion test in Cebus sp. suggest that natural disease may be occurring in wild monkeys living in paracoccidioidomycosis endemic areas.

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