PAPR reduction scheme with efficient embedded signaling in MIMO-OFDM systems

Research paper by Mouna Sghaier, Fatma Abdelkefi, Mohamed Siala

Indexed on: 04 Nov '15Published on: 04 Nov '15Published in: EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking


Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a promising transmission scheme for high performance broadband wireless communications. However, this technique suffers from a major drawback which is the high peak to average power ratio (PAPR) of the output signals. In order to overcome this issue, several methods requiring the transmission of explicit side information (SI) bits have been proposed in the literature. In fact, the transmitted bits must be channel-encoded as they are particularly critical to the performance of the considered OFDM system. Consequently, this channel-encoding highly increases the system complexity and decreases the transmission data rate. To overcome these problems, we propose in this paper two robust blind techniques that embed the SI implicitly into the OFDM frame. The first technique, referred to as Blind Space Time Bloc Codes (BSTBC), is inspired from the conventional selected mapping (SLM) approach. This technique banks on an adequate embedded signaling that mainly consists in a specific Space Time Bloc Codes (STBC) patterns and a precoding sequence codebook. In addition, in order to improve the signal detection process and the PAPR gain, we propose a new efficient combined Blind SLM-STBC (BSLM-STBC) method. Both methods propose an optimized scheme during the signal estimation process that is based on the maximum a posteriori (MAP) algorithm. A simulation study shows that our investigated approaches result in a spectacular PAPR reduction and furthermore lead to a perfect signal recovery at the receiver side.