Indexed on: 20 Dec '18Published on: 20 Dec '18Published in: Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation
Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) represent a heterogeneous group of hypo- and hypervascularized malignancies. Using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) specific imaging features of clear cell (ccRCC), papillary (pRCC) and chromophobe RCC (chRCC) subtypes have been demonstrated. However, some RCCs show atypical imaging features making it difficult to distinguish between the subtypes. This study was performed to evaluate the observed enhancement features of pRCC in CEUS and to assess the sensitivity in the diagnosis of suspected renal malignancies in a 10 year retrospective analysis at our institution. The study population consisted of 60 patients with histologically confirmed pRCC. All patients underwent CEUS imaging between 2005 and 2015 as part of their diagnostic workup. In 45 out of 60 (75%) cases the examined pRCC showed typical hypoenhancement and wash-out. 15 out of 60 (25%) pRCC showed atypical enhancement features; in 14 cases the contrast enhancement indicated a ccRCC. 1 complex cyst was falsely reported as IIF lesion. 59 out of 60 malignancies were reported as malignant using CEUS resulting in a sensitivity of 98.4%. CEUS is an eligible imaging technique to visualize the contrast enhancement features of pRCC. However, up to 25% of pRCCs show an atypical enhancement pattern making it difficult to distinguish it from other renal lesions.