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Palladium/copper-catalyzed oxidative arylation of terminal alkenes with aroyl hydrazides.

Research paper by Yong-Gang YG Zhang, Xiang-Lei XL Liu, Zeng-Yang ZY He, Xi-Ming XM Li, Hong-Jian HJ Kang, Shi-Kai SK Tian

Indexed on: 07 Feb '14Published on: 07 Feb '14Published in: Chemistry - A European Journal



Abstract

An unprecedented oxidative arylation reaction of terminal alkenes with simple aroyl hydrazides has been developed under aerobic conditions for the stereoselective synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted alkenes. A range of aroyl hydrazides underwent palladium/copper-catalyzed oxidative Mizoroki-Heck reaction with terminal alkenes open to air in a 1:1 mixture of dimethyl sulfoxide and acetonitrile to give structurally diverse 1,2-disubstituted alkenes in moderate to excellent yields with excellent regio- and E-selectivity. The reaction tolerated a wide variety of functional groups, such as alkoxy, hydroxy, amino, fluoro, chloro, bromo, cyano, nitro, ester, amide, imide, phosphine oxide, and sulfone groups, and, moreover, molecular oxygen and dimethyl sulfoxide were demonstrated to serve as terminal oxidants. This study provides a useful method for the stereoselective synthesis of 1,2-disubstituted alkenes through direct transformation of the vinylic CH bonds in terminal alkenes.