# Pairs of orthogonal countable ordinals

Research paper by Claude Laflamme, Maurice Pouzet, Nobert Sauer, Imed Zaguia

Indexed on: 03 Jul '14Published on: 03 Jul '14Published in: Mathematics - Combinatorics

#### Abstract

We characterize pairs of orthogonal countable ordinals. Two ordinals $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are orthogonal if there are two linear orders $A$ and $B$ on the same set $V$ with order types $\alpha$ and $\beta$ respectively such that the only maps preserving both orders are the constant maps and the identity map. We prove that if $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are two countable ordinals, with $\alpha \leq \beta$, then $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are orthogonal if and only if either $\omega + 1\leq \alpha$ or $\alpha =\omega$ and $\beta < \omega \beta$.