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Overrepresentation of small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) from chromosome 6 origin in cases with multiple sSMC.

Research paper by Thomas T Liehr, Heike H Starke, Gabriele G Senger, Cindy C Melotte, Anja A Weise, Joris Robert JR Vermeesch

Indexed on: 08 Dec '05Published on: 08 Dec '05Published in: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A



Abstract

Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMC) in human are defined as additional centric derivatives smaller than chromosome 20. In the majority of the cases only one sSMC is present, leading to a more or less stable karyotype of 47,XX,+mar or 47,XY,+mar. In approximately 1.4% of sSMC cases two or up to seven markers of different chromosomal origin are reported. According to the literature a sSMC(6) was present in 33% of the patients with multiple sSMC while sSMC(6) are observed in <1% of cases with a single sSMC. Currently there is no explanation for this striking observation. Here we report on one more unique case with two sSMC, one derived from #5 and the other from #6. Using microdissection/reverse painting, subcentromere-specific multicolor FISH (subcenM-FISH) and multicolor banding (MCB), they could be described as min or r(6)(::p11.1 --> q11.1::) and r(5)(::p11.1 approximately 12 --> q10::q10 --> p11.1 approximately 12::), respectively. Reversed array CGH using the DNA of the microdissected sSMC as probe confirmed the FISH results and enabled the rapid mapping of the breakpoints.