Indexed on: 25 Aug '18Published on: 25 Aug '18Published in: Journal of Microbiology
A novel gene (bgl) encoding a cold-adapted β-glucosidase was cloned from the marine bacterium Alteromonas sp. L82. Based on sequence analysis and its putative catalytic conserved region, Bgl belonged to the glycoside hydrolase family 1. Bgl was overexpressed in E. coli and purified by Ni affinity chromatography. The purified recombinant β-glucosidase showed maximum activity at temperatures between 25°C to 45°C and over the pH range 6 to 8. The enzyme lost activity quickly after incubation at 40°C. Therefore, recombinant β-glucosidase appears to be a cold-adapted enzyme. The addition of reducing agent doubled its activity and 2 M NaCl did not influence its activity. Recombinant β-glucosidase was also tolerant of 700 mM glucose and some organic solvents. Bgl had a K of 0.55 mM, a V of 83.6 U/mg, a k of 74.3 s and k/K of 135.1 at 40°C, pH 7 with 4-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside as a substrate. These properties indicate Bgl may be an interesting candidate for biotechnological and industrial applications.