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Overexpressing the CCL2 chemokine in an epithelial ovarian cancer cell line results in latency of in vivo tumourigenicity.

Research paper by P P Wojnarowicz, K K Gambaro, M M de Ladurantaye, M C J MC Quinn, D D Provencher, A-M AM Mes-Masson, P N PN Tonin

Indexed on: 01 Jan '12Published on: 01 Jan '12Published in: Oncogenesis



Abstract

The frequent loss of heterozygosity of chromosome (Chr) 17 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), particularly high-grade ovarian serous carcinomas (HGOSCs), has been attributed to the disruption of known tumour suppressor genes, such as TP53 (17p13), as well as other genes on this chromosome that alone or in combination have a role in EOC. In a transcriptome analysis of Chr17 genes, we observed significant underexpression of the chemokine CCL2 (17q12) in a small set of HGOSC samples relative to normal ovarian surface epithelial cells and a significant upregulation of CCL2 in the TP53-mutated OV-90 EOC cell line rendered non-tumourigenic as a consequence of genetic manipulation. Here, we report that overexpressing CCL2 in OV-90 resulted in latency of tumour formation at intraperitoneal (i.p.) but not subcutaneous sites in a mouse xenograft model. Overexpressing CCL2 affected cell morphology and exerted modest, but not significant effects on cell viability, colony formation and cell migration. We report significant underexpression of CCL2 by transcriptome analysis (P=0.015) and by immunohistochemistry in 77% of HGOSC samples (n=65). Absent or a very low level of protein expression by immunohistochemistry was also observed in 71% of additional HGOSC samples (n=122). However, CCL2 protein expression did not significantly correlate with overall or disease-free survival. The epithelial cells of normal fallopian tubes, a purported origin of HGOSC, exhibited expression of CCL2 protein by immunohistochemistry. Our results affirm that CCL2 underexpression is a significant feature of HGOSC samples, and that CCL2 overexpression in an EOC cell line model affects tumourigenic potential in the i.p. setting.