Indexed on: 22 May '21Published on: 12 Nov '19Published in: Annals of Hematology
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) has been considered as a potentially curative treatment option for refractory or relapsed diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients. However, there is little information available, especially for Japanese patients and in cord blood transplantation (CBT). We aimed to determine treatment outcomes of allo-SCT for DLBCL in the Kyoto Stem Cell Transplantation Group, a multi-institutional joint research group. Sixty-eight DLBCL patients who underwent their first allo-SCT between 2003 and 2016 were included. The median time from diagnosis to transplantation was 13.5 months. Thirty-one patients were in CR/PR at transplantation. Twenty-seven patients underwent CBT. The median follow-up for survivors was 44.2 months. Four-year overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 23% (95% CI, 13–35%) and 20% (95% CI, 11–31%), respectively. Cumulative incidences of non-relapse mortality and relapse were 23% and 57%, respectively. Patients in CR/PR at allo-SCT had better OS (4-year, 46% vs 4%, P < 0.001) and RFS (4-year, 36% vs 7%, P = 0.005). The source of the stem cell did not significantly affect OS (4-year, bone marrow vs cord blood vs peripheral blood, 28.6% vs 27.2% vs 6.5%, P = 0.193). In multivariate analysis, non-remission status at SCT associated with inferior OS and RFS. Duration from diagnosis to transplantation of less than 1 year associated with inferior RFS. Allo-SCT, including CBT, may be a promising therapeutic modality for DLBCL patients who have good disease control at transplantation.
Indexed on: 16 Feb '11
Published on: 16 Feb '11 in Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology