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Outcomes During Early Implementation of Mifepristone-Buccal Misoprostol Abortions up to 63 Days of Gestation in a Canadian Clinical Setting.

Research paper by Sarah S Warden, Inna I Genkin, Susan S Hum, Sheila S Dunn

Indexed on: 17 Aug '19Published on: 23 Apr '19Published in: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada



Abstract

In January 2017, mifepristone became available in Canada. The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of mifepristone-misoprostol abortion during its early implementation in a Canadian setting. This retrospective chart review included the first 477 patients who had a mifepristone-misoprostol abortion from March 13 to October 31, 2017, in an urban sexual health clinic. Women with pregnancies up to 63days of gestation had an initial dating ultrasound and β-human chorionic gonadotropin determination. They were provided mifepristone 200 mg orally in clinic, followed 24-48hours later with misoprostol 800 µg buccally at home. Follow-up, 7-14days later, in clinic or by telephone, used symptom review and follow-up β-human chorionic gonadotropin or ultrasound. The primary outcome was successful abortion, defined as expulsion of pregnancy without uterine aspiration. Of 477 consecutive mifepristone abortions, 422 women (88.5%) had documented follow-up, with 408 (96.7%) successful abortions, including eight in women who had a repeat dose of misoprostol. Fourteen (3.3%) unsuccessful abortions required uterine aspiration, two (0.5%) for ongoing pregnancy and 12 (2.8%) for incomplete abortion or persistent bleeding. Seventeen women (4.0%) had emergency department visits, one (0.2%) of whom was hospitalized and three (0.7%) of whom received blood transfusion. Four women (1.0%) were treated for infection. Mifepristone-misoprostol medical abortion was safe and effective during early implementation in Canada, comparable to previously published outcomes. Copyright © 2018 The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada/La Société des obstétriciens et gynécologues du Canada. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.