Indexed on: 05 Nov '03Published on: 05 Nov '03Published in: Ophthalmology
To evaluate long-term results after insertion of implantable contact lenses (ICLs) in phakic eyes.Prospective, noncomparative, interventional case series.Seventy-five phakic eyes (65 myopic, 10 hyperopic eyes) of 45 patients aged 21.7 to 60.6 years were included.STAAR Collamer Implantable Contact Lenses (STAAR Surgical Inc., Nidau, Switzerland) were implanted for correction of high myopia and hyperopia.Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and intraocular pressure (IOP) were determined. Presence of lens opacification and the distance between the ICL and the crystalline lens were assessed by slit-lamp examination before surgery and at 1, 3, 6 months, and yearly after lens implantation.Preoperative mean spherical equivalent was -16.23+/-5.29 diopters (D) for myopic eyes and +7.88 +/-1.46 D for hyperopic eyes. After ICL implantation, mean residual refractive error was -1.77+/-2.17 D in myopic patients and +0.44+/-0.69 D in hyperopic patients. Preoperative mean UCVA was Snellen 0.03+/-0.03 for myopic patients and Snellen 0.12+/-0.16 for hyperopic patients. Preoperative mean BCVA was Snellen 0.49+/-0.23 for myopic patients and Snellen 0.82+/-0.23 for hyperopic patients. After ICL implantation, mean UCVA up to the end of individual observation time was Snellen 0.36+/-0.36 for myopic patients and Snellen 0.58+/-0.28 for hyperopic patients. Mean BCVA was Snellen 0.73+/-0.26 for myopic and Snellen 0.80+/-0.24 for hyperopic patients. Mean preoperative IOP was 14.2+/-2.7 mmHg, and mean postoperative IOP was 13.46+/-2.1 mmHg over all follow-up investigations. The main complication was the development of subcapsular anterior opacifications of the crystalline lens in 25 eyes (33.3%), 2 of which showed direct contact to the ICL. Eleven eyes (14.7%) were stable in opacification and 14 eyes (18.7%) had progressive opacifications. The median time to opacification was 27.1 months. In 8 patients (10.7%), the subjective visual impairment mandated cataract surgery.The most significant long-term complication after ICL implantation is the formation of opacifications of the crystalline lens with the risk of the necessity of subsequent cataract surgery (10.7%). Old age, female gender, and contralateral opacification are independent significant risk factors for early formation of opacifications in this patient group.