OsPRA1 plays a significant role in targeting of OsRab7 into the tonoplast via the prevacuolar compartment during vacuolar trafficking in plant cells.

Research paper by Jae Bok JB Heo, Woo Young WY Bang, Se Won SW Kim, Sung Min SM Hwang, Young Sim YS Son, Chak Han CH Im, Biswa R BR Acharya, Chul Wook CW Kim, Sam Woong SW Kim, Byung Hyun BH Lee, Jeong Dong JD Bahk

Indexed on: 16 Jul '10Published on: 16 Jul '10Published in: Planta


In yeast and mammals, the Yip/PRA1 family of proteins has been reported to facilitate the delivery of Rab GTPases to the membrane by dissociating the Rab-GDI complex during vesicle trafficking. Recently, we identified OsPRA1, a plant Yip/PRA1 homolog, as an OsRab7-interacting protein that localizes to the prevacuolar compartment, which suggests that it plays a role in vacuolar trafficking of plant cells. Here, we show that OsPRA1 is essential for vacuolar trafficking and that it has molecular properties that are typical of the Yip/PRA1 family of proteins. A trafficking assay using Arabidopsis protoplasts showed that the point mutant OsPRA1((Y94A)) strongly inhibits the vacuolar trafficking of cargo proteins, but has no inhibitory effect on the plasma membrane trafficking of H(+)-ATPase-GFP, suggesting its specific involvement in vacuolar trafficking. Moreover, OsPRA1 was shown to be an integral membrane protein, suggesting that its two hydrophobic domains may mediate membrane integration, and its cytoplasmic N- and C-terminal regions were found to be important for binding to OsRab7. OsPRA1 also interacted with OsVamp3, implying its involvement in vesicle fusion. Finally, we used a yeast expression system to show that OsPRA1 opposes OsGDI2 activity and facilitates the delivery of OsRab7 to the target membrane. Taken together, our results support strongly that OsPRA1 targets OsRab7 to the tonoplast during vacuolar trafficking.