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Organochlorines in fish from the coastal coral reefs of Weizhou Island, south China sea: Levels, sources, and bioaccumulation.

Research paper by Yang Y Ding, Zhiqiang Z Wu, Ruijie R Zhang, Kefu K Yu, Yinghui Y Wang, Qi Q Zou, Weibin W Zeng, Minwei M Han

Indexed on: 05 Jun '19Published on: 04 Jun '19Published in: Chemosphere



Abstract

Eight fish species were sampled from a coastal coral reef ecosystem near Weizhou Island, South China Sea, to investigate the composition profiles and bioaccumulation of organochlorines (OCs). The total concentrations of 18 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and 22 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were found to be 26.5-452 ng/g lw and 0.87-19.8 ng/g lw, respectively. The contaminant distribution pattern indicated that agrochemical sources were more important than industrial sources, and that historical residues remain the primary source of OCs in Weizhou Island. Bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) indicated that dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethanes was bioaccumulating with log BAFs ranging from 3.53 to 5.21. Some congeners diverged from the general trend predicted by the logarithm octanol-water partition coefficient (log K); this was mainly attributable to differences in the bioaccumulation potentials of these congeners in the studied samples. Trophic magnification factors demonstrated that aldrin, endrin, and dieldrin undergo significant trophic dilution, while the other six OC compounds undergo trophic magnification in the food chain. The presence of OCP congeners was also probably affected by their metabolism in fish tissues. The estimated daily intakes of OCPs via fish consumption by residents ranged from 0.05 to 5.45 ng/kg body weight/day, which is below the acceptable daily intake recommended by the FAO/WHO. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.